orthotic fit

Different Feet

Flat Feet (Pes Planus or Hyperpronation)

Flat Feet is a condition in which the arch or instep of the foot collapses and comes in contact with the ground. Flat feet may be associated with pronation, which is a condition in which the ankle bones lean toward the center line.


Symptoms can include:

The absence of longitudinal arch of foot when standing, general foot pain and heel tilt away from the midline of the body more than usual. Flat feet are associated with knee, hip and back pain.



High Arch (Pes Cavus or Supinated Foot)

Most people have an arch along the inner side of the foot, leaving a gap between the ground and the foot. Some feet have a higher arch than average. This is the opposite of a flat foot. In combination with a higher arch, the ankle may be "rolled" outwards slightly - this is the opposite of a pronated foot.


Symptoms can include:

The symptoms of a high arch foot will differ depending on how severe the problem is. Symptoms may vary from a mild problem with shoe fitting to significant disability.



Leg Length Discrepancy

Differences in the length of the leg can be caused by many factors including injuries, surgery, muscle imbalances and poor posture. You may notice uneven shoe wear, a higher hip or a shoulder drop.


Symptoms can include:

Chronic lower back, neck and shoulder pain are some of the symptoms of leg length discrepancy.



Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

The plantar fascia is a broad band of fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom surface of the foot, attaching at the bottom of the heel bone and extending to the toes. Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation caused by excessive stretching of the plantar fascia causing micro-tears in the tissue.


Symptoms can include:

Individuals who suffer from plantar fasciitis often complain that their first steps of the day are very painful. The pain may subside with activity, but worsen again at the end of the day or after sitting for a period of time. The bottom of your foot usually hurts near the inside edge where the heel and arch meet.



Forefoot Pain (Metatarsalgia)

Metatarsalgia is a general term to describe a pain at the ball of the foot. With this condition one or more of the metatarsal heads become painful and/or inflamed, usually due to excessive pressure over a long period of time. Ball-of-foot pain is often caused from poorly fitting footwear, most frequently in women’s dress shoes.


Footwear with a narrow toe box causes the ball-of-foot area to be squeezed into an unnatural shape, restricting movement of the bones of the forefoot and leading to extreme discomfort.


Symptoms may include:

Pain is worse when bearing weight and may feel like there is a stone in the shoe. There may be some callus formation at the site of the pain.


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